Resume Types – There are several basic types of resumes you can use to apply for job openings, and each resume type is used for different purposes. Depending on where you are in your current job search, one of these types of resumes might prove more beneficial for you. Remember, a targeted resume and job search is the first step to landing a job.
A functional resume focuses on your skills and experience, rather than on your chronological work history. Instead of having a “work history” section at the top of your resume, you might have a “professional experience” or “accomplishments” section that lists various skills you have developed over the years.
This is probably the most military-friendly format for a resume because it’s most often used by people who are in the process of changing careers. Because you might be new to the workforce (in other words, you only have a military work history experience) it’s important that you highlight your skills rather than your work history.
A functional resume also sometimes includes a resume summary or headline at the top, detailing your accomplishments and achievements. This format lends itself well to online job hunting since recruiters and hiring managers are liable to scan headlines before looking more closely at a resume.
A chronological resume starts by listing your work history, with the most recent position listed first. Below your most recent job, you list your other jobs in reverse chronological order. This is the most common resume type, but this might not be ideal for transitioning service members since it can be challenging to articulate in civilian wording what you did in the military.
A targeted resume is a resume that is customized to specifically highlight the experience and skills you have that are relevant to the job you are applying for. It takes more work to write a targeted resume than to click to apply with your existing resume. However, it’s well worth the effort, especially when applying for jobs that are a perfect match for your qualifications and experience.
A combination resume is a mix between a chronological, targeted, and a functional resume. At the top of the resume is a list of one’s skills and qualifications. Below this is one’s chronological work history. However, the work history is not the focus of the resume and typically does not take up much space on the resume.
With this type of resume, you can highlight the skills you have that are relevant to the job you are applying for, as well as provide your chronological work history. After all, most employers want to see your chronological work history, even if that history is not very extensive.
Try to write a targeted resume for every job. Employers can easily see when you submit a generic resume, rather than thinking about why you are qualified for that specific job.
Of course, creating a new resume for each job posting isn’t a sustainable method of approach. You’re going to end up wasting more time recreating the wheel than applying for jobs. The ideal solution here is to have a few resumes on hand that are polished and good to go. That way, when you find a job that calls out for a particular type of resume, you have it on hand.